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最近很火的“淡水三文鱼”能不能生吃?看完吓一跳

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发表于 2018-5-25 13:46:24 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  三文鱼,你不陌生,常生食,亦可熏烤煎炸,鱼骨还能煲汤。可是,你知道三文鱼是何时走上餐桌的吗?人们什么时候开始生吃三文鱼?什么样的三文鱼适合生吃?

  到底什么是三文鱼?
  三文鱼在英文中叫salmon,这个名字源于拉丁文,有“跃升”的意思,取名的灵感来自该鱼洄游产卵时跃过浪花的动作。
  几百年前,渔民在大西洋沿岸发现了“salmon”,也就是现在所说的大西洋鲑。后来,人们在太平洋沿岸也陆续发现了一些习性、外形相似的鱼类,索性就把它们统称为“salmon”,也就是太平洋鲑。
  中国最早接触三文鱼的是广东一带,如果你请一位广东朋友用当地方言念一下“三文鱼”,就会轻易明白这个名字是salmon的音译。
2017年10月8日,在加拿大多伦多,一条三文鱼跃出亨伯河水面,试图跳过水坝。

  从生物学概念上来说,“三文鱼”并不是某一个品种鱼的名称,而是一个在流通中逐渐约定俗成的商品名称,主要有大西洋鲑和太平洋鲑。(太平洋鲑不是三文鱼的真子集,这点我们后面会讲到。)
  可以确定的是,无论是野生的,还是养殖的,三文鱼都是“海产品”,这一点在业内是不存在疑义的。
  淡水里能不能长出三文鱼?
  三文鱼属于“鲑科鱼”,学名是Oncorhynchus。鲑科鱼又分为鲑科鲑属与鲑科鳟属,准确地说三文鱼属于鲑鳟鱼。而鲑鳟鱼又分为海鳟和虹鳟,看,岔路点出现了。
  虹鳟鱼英文名为rainbown trout,多数种群终身生活在低温淡水环境中,是淡水鱼。它的鱼肉颜色与三文鱼相仿。  

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发表于 2018-9-22 07:22:08 | 显示全部楼层
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